Feb 26 2011

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New Brunswick

New Brunswick is one of Canada’s three Maritime Provinces and is the only constitutionally bilingual province (English and French) in the federation. The province’s name comes from the English and French partial transcription of the city of Brunswick (Braunschweig in German) in northern Germany (and former duchy of the same name), the ancestral home of the Hanoverian King George III of Great Britain. NB is the third smallest province of Canada and is called ‘Loyalist Province’.

Interesting facts about New Brunswick:

• The provincial capital is Fredericton, while Saint John is the most populous city, and metropolitan Moncton is the largest census metropolitan area.
• N.B. has a mainland and many islands
• American settlers founded the city of Saint John (oldest city in Canada).
• The lumbering industry and Shipbuilding were key industries in the history
• More than half of the province is surrounded by water.
• There are two coasts. The east coast faces the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Northumberland Strait; The Bay of Fundy is along the south coast.
• Many bays and inlets along the coasts provide safe harbors for boats.
• There are many rivers in the province.
• The Bay of Fundy between N.B. and Nova Scotia has the world’s highest tides (over 15 meters high).
• Forests (mainly black spruce and fir) cover about 85 percent of N.B.
• N.B. is the main producer of lead, zinc, copper and bismuth in Canada, while Gypsum, potash, antimony, silver, gold, natural gas and oil are also mined
• There are fishing ports where more than fifty kinds of fish and shellfish are caught (scallops, shrimp, herring, lobsters, snow crabs, mussels, oysters, etc.)
• Aquaculture farms harvest salmon, trout, arctic char, oysters and mussels.
• The main industry is forestry (Paper, newspaper, magazines, tissue, wooden doors and windows are made).
• The main crop is potatoes. The Saint John River Valley is called the “Potato Belt.”
• Hartland Bridge is the world’s longest covered bridge (390 m. or 1283 ft. long)
• Confederation Bridge (12.9 kilometers or 8 miles long) – longest bridge in the world crossing ice-covered water. The bridge connects N.B. to Prince Edward Island.
• Magnetic Hill in Moncton is an optical illusion.
• Reversing Falls at St. John -water rushes uphill against the normal flow of the falls.
• Bay of Fundy is famous for Whale watching
• Rocks Provincial Park (Bay of Fundy) – strange-shaped rocks called Flowerpot Rocks rise out of the sea

Time Zones

New Brunswick is in the Atlantic Time zone.


New Brunswick has a typically continental climate. (Continental climates, compared with true maritime climates, have an earlier spring and shorter fall, wider fluctuations of temperature from day to day and from season to season, and more snowfall but less total precipitation.)

July is the warmest month in New Brunswick. Average summer temperature ranges from 22C on the Fundy coast to 25C and higher inland. Extremes have exceeded 37.8C (100F). January is the coldest month. Along the south-eastern shores, the January mean is around -7.5C. In the north-west extreme low temperatures of -30 to -35C are reported every winter. The all-time provincial low is -47.2C.

The northern half of the province has cold winters and warm summers. Areas near the sea have milder winters and slightly cooler summers. Moist air from the Atlantic Ocean produces mild weather in the winter and cool summers. Winter storms bring rain to the Bay of Fundy coast and snow to the interior. It is often foggy in the spring and early summer along the Bay of Fundy.

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