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Mar 04 2011

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Quebec

Quebec is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population and the only one whose sole official language is French at the provincial level. Quebec is Canada’s largest province by area and second most populous province, after Ontario. “Quebec” came from the Algonquin word “kepék” meaning “the place where the river narrows.” The province is nicknamed “La Belle Province” because of the diverse landscape and architecture.

Interesting Facts about Quebec:

  • The capital city is ‘Quebec city’, while the largest city is Montreal.
  • Most inhabitants live in urban areas near the Saint Lawrence River between Montreal and Quebec City, the capital. Most cities and towns are along the St. Lawrence River.
  • Nearly 80% of Québecois live near the shores of the Saint Lawrence River.
  • Forests cover over half of Quebec. Quebec produces more than a third of Canada’s pulp and paper products (Paper, newsprint, boxes, tissue and cardboard). Lumber is used to make furniture and to build homes.
  • The Lowlands along the St. Lawrence River is the agricultural region and where most of the people live.
  • The St. Lawrence River (over 1200 km. long) links Quebec to the Atlantic Ocean. Ships sail inland on the St. Lawrence River.
  • Quebec has more fresh water than any other province. There are more than one million lakes and waterways.
  • Gold, copper, iron ore, silver, zinc, nickel and asbestos are mined in Quebec.
  • Hydroelectric power is produced and exported to the U.S. One of the largest hydroelectric plants in the world is near James Bay.
  • The province is Canada’s main producer of maple syrup.
  • The dairy industry is the largest in Canada. Raising hogs, cattle and poultry and growing hay corn and oats to feed the animals are important agricultural activities.
  • The Winter Carnival in Quebec City is held in February. They have winter sports, dances, ice sculptures, dog sled races, parades and concerts during the carnival.
  • Bonaventure Island bird sanctuary is the largest colony of gannets in the world.
  • Quebec City, the only walled city north of Mexico, has many historic buildings.
  • Old Montreal has cobblestone streets and historic 17th and 18th century architecture.
  • Religious shrines (Saint Joseph’s Oratory in Montreal and Ste-Anne-de-Beaupré Basilica) attract millions of pilgrims from many countries.
  • The Quebec Citadel is a large fortification built in the 19th century to protect the city.
  • While the province’s substantial natural resources have long been the mainstay of its economy, sectors of the knowledge economy such as aerospace, information and communication technologies, manufacturing of aircraft and commuter trains, computer and electronic products, biotechnology and the pharmaceutical industry also play leading roles.
  • The above industries have all contributed to helping Quebec become the second most economically influential province, second only to Ontario.

Time Zones

Québec is in the Eastern Time zone.

Climate

With such a huge land mass and extending over 5 degrees of latitude the province of Québec has wide temperature variations. In the south, the climate is temperate with four distinct seasons, a mild spring, an often hot summer, a chilly autumn, and a snowy, cold winter. The extreme northern portion of the territory is subject to the rigors of the Arctic climate. Average summer temperatures can range between 20º C and 5º C. Winter can vary from 5 months in the south to 8 months in the north. Average winter temperatures range between -10 º C and -25º C and total precipitation between 900 and 400 mm.

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1 comment

  1. rahul

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