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Feb 25 2011

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Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan is the center most prairie province of Canada. Saskatchewan was first explored by Europeans in 1690 and settled in 1774; prior to that, it was populated by several indigenous tribes. The province’s name is derived from the Saskatchewan River. Earlier, the river was designated kisiskāciwani-sīpiy (“swift flowing river”) in the Cree language. Regina, the capital city, is often called “The Queen City”.

Interesting facts about Saskatchewan

• More than half of the people live in Saskatoon (largest city in the province) and provincial capital, Regina.
• Its major industries are agriculture, mining, and energy.
• one half of Saskatchewan is forest, while one third is farmland
• Saskatchewan has over 100,000 lakes, rivers, streams
• Northern Saskatchewan has forests, marshes, lakes, rivers
• southern region is mainly flat prairie with some rolling hills and valleys
• Saskatchewan grows over 54 percent of Canada’s wheat crop
• Forestry is prominent in northern Saskatchewan
• Saskatchewan is rich in minerals like potash, uranium, coal, oil and natural gas
• Saskatchewan is the world leader in the production of uranium
• Saskatchewan is Canada’s second largest producer of oil (after Alberta)
• Saskatchewan is third largest producer of natural gas in Canada
• Saskatchewan has more inventors per capita than anywhere else in Canada
• Western Canada’s only stagecoach robbery happened just south of Humboldt
• The deadliest tornado in Canada struck in Regina in 1912
• Saskatchewan has more road surface than anywhere else in Canada (250,000km)
• Saskatchewan is the site of North America’s oldest bird sanctuary
• Potash is Saskatchewan’s official mineral, Saskatchewan is also the world’s largest producer and exporter of potash and is a multi-million dollar industry
• Up until only a few years ago Saskatchewan’s total population was only estimated a one-million people (the city of Toronto can still hold our entire population with room to spare
• Saskatchewan is called “The Land of The Living Skies” because its citizens have the largest and longest un-interrupted view of the wind system known as the jet-stream which passes through Saskatchewan 73.6% of the year bringing with it large amounts of interesting cloud formations and ever changing weather systems
• There are only 3 large cities in Saskatchewan! But there is pretty much a town every 10 minutes driving down the highway!

Time Zone

Central Standard Time – Saskatchewan is the only province that does not switch to Daylight Savings time in the summer and is seven hours behind Greenwich Mean Time (GMT).

Climate

Saskatchewan has a moderate climate with four distinct seasons. Temperatures range from +25 degrees Celsius (on average) in summer, to -25 degrees Celsius (on average) in winter. The whole province enjoys a hot, dry summer. The town of Estevan is the undisputed “sunshine capital” of Canada, getting 2540 hours of sunshine per year.

Saskatchewan has more days of sunshine than any other province making it the sunshine capital of Canada. Saskatchewan lies far from any significant body of water. Summers can be very hot, with temperatures sometimes above 32 °C (90 °F) during the day, and humidity decreasing from northeast to southwest. Warm southern winds blow from the United States during much of July and August, while winters can be bitterly cold, with high temperatures not breaking −17 °C (1.4 °F) for weeks at a time, warm chinook winds often blow from the west, bringing periods of mild weather. Annual precipitation averages 30 to 45 centimeters (12 to 18 inches) across the province, with the bulk of rain falling in June, July, and August.

The hottest temperature ever recorded in Canada happened in Saskatchewan. The temperature rose to 45 degrees Celsius in Midale and Yellow Grass. The coldest ever recorded was −56.7 degrees Celsius in Prince Albert, which is north of Saskatoon.

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